33. Tuesday, February 9, 2010

33. Tuesday, February 9, 2010 - PHL February 9th, 2010 K2:...

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PHL February 9th, 2010 K2: Kant’s Moral Theory A Priori the good will vs . happiness “deontological” duty vs. vs. inclination, self- interest “consequentialist” prudence ______________________________________________________________________ - duty: doing the thing that is right to do, because it is the right thing to do - Kant notices a problem, duty is doing the right thing, and you ought to do the right thing because it is your duty, this is circularity - Kant offers a deontological account, based on duty which is purely rational on its de±nition of duty - Kant’s guiding principle is that reason is not answerable to anything other than itself - genuine rational authority - the good will has to be distinct from happiness, happiness is not the issue, if we have a good will we are worth of being happy, but it will not make us happy and happiness is basically a bonus to having good will - happiness is an unreliable guide to life: you can be happy one day and sad another day - contrasting beauty and prudence - its not enough to do the right thing, you have to do it for the right reason - shopkeeper 1 is self-interested: gives the right change but he knows that in the short run it is
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33. Tuesday, February 9, 2010 - PHL February 9th, 2010 K2:...

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