41. Thursday, March 11, 2010

41. Thursday, March 11, 2010 - CONTINENTAL phenomenology...

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CONTINENTAL phenomenology - analyzing experience that is highly in tune to artistic experience existentialism - sartre structuralism/ post-structuralism - interpretation of literary and cultural text postmodernism deconstruction ANALYTIC logic philosophy of language philosophy of science epistemology cognitive science - conjunction between linguistics, computer science and psychology metaphysics A. J. Ayer Vienna Circle: problem that they saw in philosophy, had a lack of analytic rigor 1. R. Carnap 2. H. Schlick 3. Neurath “logical positivism” - based upon establishing premises and making conclusions upon them - sees science as a closed system - taking the positivistic idea and applying it to philosophy and not science or law - FACTUM cf. Comte Language, Truth and Logic (1936) - elimination of metaphysics cf. Hume - de±ationary philosophy of language Ch. 1: confusions of grammar - “The chair is green” GRAMMATICAL use of “is” - the chair is greenness, predicating greenness of the chair - “The chair is (exists)” LEXICAL use of “is” - you cannot predicate existence of something, this grammar leads up to believe existence is a predicate, it makes us want an account of what existence is, but existence isn’t anything metaphysician as poet? (pg. 44) - they are all poets monque? (in disguise) - uttering sentences that have no truth value, but they think they are uttering truth ones - Ayer says the sentences that metaphysicians utter are neither true or false - like a ²ction - they do not match states of affairs in the world Ch. 2: confusions of deduction
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- ef. Descartes (p. 46) - has premised his entire argument on a bad deduction - when he establishes the cogito, he says it is “i think”, the cogito cannot help itself to the conclusion “i think”, but then there is thinking. .. it should just be “thought” - not an act of thinking, or a faculty that does the thinking, or separation into doubt and other things - philosophy is
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormarkkingwell during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto.

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41. Thursday, March 11, 2010 - CONTINENTAL phenomenology...

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