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43. - PHL March.23.10 Problems for Ayer VCM fails test of...

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PHL March.23.10 Problems for Ayer VCM fails test of self-reference If the verifying criteria of meaning The VCM isn’t a logical tonology or imperical claim, it seems to be a presupposition or axiom adamsomthing Underneath propositions are presuppositions. They are not defended as propositions, they are not separate propositions, there are things that are held true in order for there to be proportions at all. Hume Ayer Kant Collingwood Propositions -operative or holding, not true. Relative presuppositions Absolute presuppositions Possible solution No. 1: pragmatism -Pragmatic understanding of the usefulness of what he’s up to. Critical or descriptive metaphysics Possible solutions No.2: critical or descriptive metaphysics (vs. pseudo metaphysics and positivism) -it doesn’t ask of to commit to things extravagant. If you want to swap propositions, certain things will be presupposed. -this is interestingly Kantian, even though its in the philosophy of language. Collingwood says lets look at how we exchange sentences Emotivism is unconvincing as an ethical position Fact value CF hume: deriving an “ought” from an “is”
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