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Unformatted text preview: PHL March.23.10 Problems for Ayer VCM fails test of self-reference If the verifying criteria of meaning The VCM isnt a logical tonology or imperical claim, it seems to be a presupposition or axiom adamsomthing Underneath propositions are presuppositions. They are not defended as propositions, they are not separate propositions, there are things that are held true in order for there to be proportions at all. Hume Ayer Kant Collingwood Propositions-operative or holding, not true. Relative presuppositions Absolute presuppositions Possible solution No. 1: pragmatism-Pragmatic understanding of the usefulness of what hes up to. Critical or descriptive metaphysics Possible solutions No.2: critical or descriptive metaphysics (vs. pseudo metaphysics and positivism) -it doesnt ask of to commit to things extravagant. If you want to swap propositions, certain things will be presupposed.-this is interestingly Kantian, even though its in the philosophy of language. Collingwood says lets look at how we exchange sentences Emotivism is unconvincing as an ethical position Fact value CF hume: deriving an ought from an is the naturalistic fallacy (Moore, principa ethnica (1903))...
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormarkkingwell during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Fall '09