(6) - POL 103 Lecture 16 Colonialism and the State Main...

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POL 103 Lecture 16 Colonialism and the State Main Features and History The Americas Colonising around the native population South American colonialism Asia Conquering of east, south east Asia, Indonesia, China Africa Finally occurred in the 19 th century Africa: French versus English Experience. French rule tended to be direct. They directly imposed French bureaucracies and French law on the societies that they conquered English rule tended to be indirect. They tended to rule through the existing ethnic structures (tribal structures). Each imposed things that were unique to their own society onto the conquered society. Ranging from the road system, to the language people would speak, to the legal system. i.e. the use of common law in English colonies and French civil law in French colonies. Direct versus indirect rule. Only comes to an end from WWII to 1960s Features Invidious (insulting – drawing a distinction in such a way that it connotes one person as better than another) From this, the modern notion of race gets put into place. Concept of race and inferior versus superior peoples. The modern concept of race didn’t really exist until the 19 th century. The distinctions between people were given (over the 19
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(6) - POL 103 Lecture 16 Colonialism and the State Main...

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