POL Tuesday, September 15th, 2009 Tradition and Modernity: Economy and society in the pre-modern era: -scarcity- most people had no surplus, they lived on the land, -non-market societies- people bartered, a commonly universalized currency did not exist however currencies did exist, markets existed but only once and a while by peasants -family life- live in extended families (uncles, aunts), almost like tribes, you were born into this* (you had no choice), you were born into a station (if you were a woman, you were subject to the rule of the man), kinship relations were very important, relations and loyalties were based on emotion and were highly personal -affective orientation- cry for three days, loyalties based on love -collective orientation- individual rights did not exist, they are modern. oriented towards extended family. -particularism- people were treated differently based on their status, you would never treat people on the outside of your family the same as your family, shunning
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