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Unformatted text preview: POLITICAL SCIENCE - TERM TWO Communism and Revolution Marxism after Marx sot parties went from revolution to evolution - sot parties controlled markets - reconciliation with the ideas of som and the bourgeoisie idea of citizenship Lenin and Revolution: Russia problem of autocracy and backwardness- problems on European periphery - made no sense to create a party where there was no parliament - Mensheviks: European Sot Democratic Party (believed capitalism developed slowly over time) Question: Why is USA not sot? - because they have no overlay between status and richness (ex: a rich person can walk by and their status does not make them beneath us, like in the feudal system) - therefore, you must have feudalism/ feudal institutions - slavery=serfdom in USA South, however civil war stopped this revolutionary vs. mass parties: party over class (working class and trade union consciousness) revolution 1917: context WW1 and failure of capitalism - Lenin moves from Zurich to Russia by help of German imperialists - Lenin takes power in 1917 - Lenin led Bolsheviks - cannot have mass based sot party but should be made of elites who became sot priests - full time activity - better to convince people then to use violence - secret and conspiracy - working class left on their own are only capable of trade union consciousness (they want a revolution but they dont know that they want it) - Bolsheviks argue they are going through capitalist stage very quickly while some argue you can skip steps (this idea is not marxist/hegelian - ex: history unfolds over time) What does som look like? - dictatorship of proletariat - there would be no other social groups that had a say what does it mean to socialize an economy? - no capitalists, czarist order - RED (bolsheviks) vs. WHITES - RED wins - Lenin bans all factions in 10th party congress - once decision is reached, all members must carry those ideas like you believe them debates (som in one country, military and the peasantry) - soviet union 1920s - commanding heights and private agriculture identity crises of party: was this revolutionary? small business in private hands - rich grain merchants classes and capitalism in farmers/peasants problems - what if the revolution didnt happen - couldnt survive as a communist country 1924 Lenin dies one of the biggest problems of bolsheviks... - they are anti-constitutionalists, anti-liberalist so there was no procedure for succession - he merely left a testament: you have a problem, and without me you have nothing - who is the true successor to Lenin? Stalin put his people throughout the party and kicked people out - his opponents Stalin says in order to industrialize and move forward they need to take grain from peasants and move quickly - ex: make machines to make machines 1. succeed in industrialization 2. 3-6 million died in famine - Ukraine, Khazakstan (where grain was grown) 2....
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