Buddhism 1 - Monday, February 1, 2010 Buddhism Vedic...

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Monday, February 1, 2010 Buddhism Vedic context: belief in cyclical time, rebirth, karma, samsara, moksha - the importance of impermanence ( anitya ): nothing is ±xed or permanent Historical Buddha the Buddha - “Awakened One” - sort of like always saying, “the Christ” - born Siddartha Gautama (also called Shakyamuni) - originally becomes a shramana (wandering ascetic/ monk like ±gure/ seeking liberation) - born c. 563 BCE to ksatriya class (warrior/ ruling/ aristocracy class) - apparently the son of some kind of local ruler or nobility life story: - mother has a dream with a white elephant - went to someone to ±nd out what it meant and was told he would be a ruler, or a spiritual leader - his father wanted him to be a ruler, and ended up shielding him from all bad things in life (locks him up), he then goes on three chariot trips - ±gures out life - on his trips he has four sights: old man, sick man, poor man, and someone who dies - he sees misery, pain, and unhappiness which is a shock to him - then he sees a wandering ascetic who looks like hes having a good time without possessions in this state - he sees manifestations of impermanence - happiness does not last
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Buddhism 1 - Monday, February 1, 2010 Buddhism Vedic...

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