Hinduism 3 - HINDUISM(modernity Ram Mohan Roy(1772-1833...

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HINDUISM (modernity) Ram Mohan Roy (1772-1833) – frst major Hindu reFormer -thought that Christ’s ethical teachings were compared with Hinduism -emphasis on monotheism, rationalism, humanism, social reForm -Founded Brahmo Samaj (“Society oF the One God”) Dayananda Sarasvati (1824-1883) – reFormer who Founded the Arya Samaj (“Society oF Nobles”) - wanted to return Hinduism to its roots - condemned things like idol worship, caste system - advocated liFe oF vigorous work and service to humanity other reFormers – Ramakrishna (1834-1886) and his disciple Vivekananda (1863-1902), Followers oF Advaita Vedanta Vivekananda Founded the Ramakrishna Mission ; represented Hinduism at the Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago in 1893 Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948): Hindu reFormer and political activist -emphasis on non-violence ( ahimsa ), tolerance, ethics - helped India gain independence From Britain • Hindu nationalism – stresses Hindutva (“Hindu-ness”), calls For a Hindu state (
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course RLG 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormaintenay during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto.

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Hinduism 3 - HINDUISM(modernity Ram Mohan Roy(1772-1833...

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