Islam 3 - Ibn Sina (Avicenna; 980- 1037) -physician,...

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Islam - Continued Law Islamic law central to the practice of all Muslims - community of scholars and legal experts called the ulama four sources of shariaiI : Qur ʼ an, Sunnah, qiyas, ijma primary source Qur ʼ an secondary source Sunnah , mainly as found in the Hadith texts - Sunnah is the following of the life of Muhammad - Sunnah is roughly equivalent to the gospels unspoken consent - if you dont say no, then its ok qiyas - reasoning by analogy - guided by spirit of Qur ʼ an and Hadith e.g. drugs - in Qur ʼ an “it is forbidden to take intoxicants”, so by analogy recreational drugs are also forbidden Ijma - consensus of the community History
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Unformatted text preview: Ibn Sina (Avicenna; 980- 1037) -physician, astronomer, philosopher -faith should be understood rationally -God as Frst cause - there is cause and effect in the natural world, there must have been a Frst cause Ibn Rushd (Averroes; 1126-98) -two truths of religion - religion for the masses, philosophy for the intellectuals Mysticism mystical movement - Sufsm -from suf (wool) -direct experience with God -asceticism, piety Rabia (713-801): -important early female mystic -emphasized passionate love of God al-Ghazali (1058-1111): - defended SuFsm to the ulama - argued inner devotion is compatible with law...
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