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Judaism 1 - RLG Monday Judaism was the rst major...

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RLG Monday, September 21, 2009 Judaism - was the first major monotheistic religion - range of belief/practice - from ultra-orthodox (means straight belief) to secular jews - christianity and islam developed from judaism > ethnic religion? - Shema (“hear!”): “Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one” (Deut. 6:4) > main creed of Judaism, reference to the people of Israel - not Israel the country “Judaism is quintessentially a historical religion” (text: 61) “the myth of history begins with Judaism” > not all early civilizations were not linear and in sequence, but instead were a cycle > history relates to gods interaction with his people - marks an important event in history > therefore history was originally religious, and jewish - early Jewish history - biblical - pentateuch (“five scrolls”): first five books of the Hebrew bible- more or less the same as the Christian old testament - it was a communication from god to moses genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deutorotomy - Torah (“teaching”) also refers to these 5 books(in this class), but other times it can refer to the Hebrew bible, or sometimes all Jewish texts, or all Jewish teaching (written and oral) - there are different ways of interpreting biblical narrative > literally - word for word, this occurred, more traditional view > historical- critical approach - documentary hypothesis (or JEDP- 19th century) - Pentateuch divisible into roughly four distinct sources > Yahwist (J), Elohist (E) -plural in Hebrew.., Deuteronomic (D), Priestly (P) see
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