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Unformatted text preview: RELIGION QUIZ #1 STUDY NOTES Introduction to Religion Religion = religare (Latin) - to tie/bind to join/reconnect Westerners frst studied religion as a category oF thinking and thought you needed a sacred text W.C. Smith:- preFerred terms - religious people, Faith, traditions - insider/ outsider debate Judaism, Christianity and Islam are Western religions (abrahaman) - prophecy : transmit message From a divine source Indic traditions, religions oF China/ Japan/ Korea are Eastern Religions - human insight through disciplined reection under watch oF teacher/sage Indigenous Traditions are their own category Ninian Smarts 7 characteristics oF Religion: ritual, mythical, doctrinal, ethical, social, experiential, material Myth : From mythos (Greek) - story A myth is a story oF importance that is not necessarily Factual, but they are signifcant. Ritual : generally, connecting to, participating in, honouring the sacred orthodoxy (right doctrine) and orthopraxy (right practice) diFFerent emphases in religion secular : separation oF church (religious institutions) and state monotheism : belieF in a single God polytheism : belieF in multiple Gods atheism : do not believe in any Gods, or the existance oF a God agnosticism : a religious orientation oF doubt; a denial oF ultimate knowledge oF the existence oF God: "agnosticism holds that you can neither prove nor disprove God's existence" transcendent: beyond or above the range oF normal or merely physical experience Theories oF religion James Frazer & E.B. Tylor : anthropologists with evolutionary model oF religion For razer, magic Fundamental; For Tylor, animism Fundamental Emile Durkheim : sociological approach to religion (religion is functional ) God (the Divine) is society; society is God Karl Marx : historical/political approach to religion (also functional) religion is the opiate of the masses Sigmund Freud : psychological approach to religion (also functional) religion is an illusion; wish-fulFlment Rudolf Otto : phenomenologist approach to religion ( not functional) religion is about encounter with the numen or Holy; a real and powerful encounter of terror/awe/love Mircea Eliade : also phenomenologist approach to religion religion is about encounter with and orientation towards the sacred ; distinction between sacred and profane Judaism- Frst major monotheistic religion - range of belief/practice - from ultra-orthodox (means straight belief) to secular jews : ethnic religion- christianity and islam developed from judaism - Shema (hear!): main creed of Judaism > history was originally religious, and jewish, because history relates to gods interaction with his people- pentateuch (Fve scrolls): Frst Fve books of the Hebrew bible - communication from god to moses genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deutorotomy: > L, N, D: speciFc rules of conduct, social organization, history of wandering of...
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course RLG 100Y1 taught by Professor Professormaintenay during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Fall '09