5. Monday, September 27, 2010

5. Monday, September 27, 2010 - PHL281H - Monday, September...

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PHL281H - Monday, September 27, 2010 Harris on Fathers and Reproduction The Pope : The fetus has the same fundamental rights as you or me, especially the right to life. Thomson : Rights are best understood as property rights. The right to life does not entitle someone to the use of another’s body unless he or she has been given permission. Fetus does not have right against the mother for use of her body, unless she has given it permission. Today : Fetus not understood as a rights-bearer but as (analogous to) a piece of property that belongs to its mother and father . Thomson’s Lockian Theory of Rights 1. Original rights : Each person has a right to her or his own body against every other person. 2. By permission : P has a right to x against Q if P was given permission to have x by the prior rightful owner of x. Thus far : We can only trade the use of our bodies with one another Additions to Thomson’s Lockian Schema 3. By production : Each person, P, has a right to a product of her or his labour, x, against every other person, so long as P had a prior right to the raw materials for x 4. By acquisition : If no one yet has a right to x against anyone, then a person, P, can establish such a right against others by appropriating it Joint Actions two people agree on terms that will allow them both to get what they want, given what they have to contribute to the project I have some ingredients and you have know- how as well as other needed ingredients, and so we agree
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 281H1 taught by Professor Professorainslie during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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5. Monday, September 27, 2010 - PHL281H - Monday, September...

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