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8. Wednesday, October 6, 2010

8. Wednesday, October 6, 2010 - PHL281 Wednesday October 6...

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PHL281 - Wednesday, October 6, 2010 Dworkin: The Sanctity of Life The Sanctity of Life - Life is both a process and an outcome: We live our lives . Aristotle’s suggestion: We live them with eudaimonia as an end, and virtuous activities constitute the best life. - a life is something you lead, you make decisions - Aristotle says that a truly meaningful life is a life where you take nature and your surroundings, and we do with this what we can in light of our perception of what makes a good life What kind of value does life has? - Subjective : some lives are better than others to some people, my life is good to me, subjectively ex: my life could be pain, and is not longer subjectively valuable - Objective : everyone should recognize it as having value - Instrumental : can help you get other things - Final : good in itself - Non-incremental : we don’t think, the more life the better What Makes a Life Sacred? - two sources for life’s sanctity Nature/Divine - you don’t need to rely on the divine; the sanctity of life is result of a natural process and you can see this as sacred - each is a product of human creativity, but we are the authors of our lives Human creativity - Not necessarily a religious value - Possible problem here: Is this kind of value coherent?
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