15. Wednesday, November 10, 2010

15. Wednesday, November 10, 2010 - PHL281 - Wednesday,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PHL281 - Wednesday, November 10, 2010 Abortion Law and Liberal Democracy New kinds of questions Bioethics of everyday life : How should we makes sense of the moral questions posed by our biological nature? (Type 3 questions.) Policy questions : How should we structure social institutions (the state, medical professions) that control our activities with respect to our bodies? (Type 1 and 2 questions.) How to address policy questions One option: Use same methods as we used to answer everyday-life questions. philosophically informed reflection inflected by careful reading of the greats (Aristotle, Kant, Hume, et al.) Problems? - We disagree on the answers to the everyday life questions, and you can’t both be right - Such disagreements are reasonable - The fact of reasonable pluralism (not merely the fact of pluralism) - reasonable pluralism: “reasonable” does a lot of work - it takes it from being empirical, to being latent - reasonable: people have a case to be made, even if we don’t accept it, and even if we are not persuaded by it - But social policy forces people to live in a certain manner - It is unfair to require people to live on terms that they do not accept - this is the starting point for engaging in policy questions (legal or professional) - when we look at policies, we are not looking out for ourselves, but we are looking at policies that bind together all of society - if you try to resolve a social policy question regarding my own views, it will work out for you, but will not reasonably suffice to people who do not agree with your views - it is unjust to say that someone who has power can decide all of the rules Solution - Compare religion after the reformation, as religious difference became apparent, how do you deal with the fact that people who think you are going to hell? you could kill everyone, and have a universal religion. .. you can coerce people to pretend to believe in this religion. .. but they will not all believe in their hearts because religion is so deep to the heart, people will always go against the political power of the time, and when there is a shift, they attempt to emerge and push the other religions away - the enlightenment Europeans brought into notion tolerance as an agreement to “live and let live” - Limits to tolerance: some religious practices are not reasonable (eg. human sacrifice, genital mutilation) John Rawls: “Political Liberalism” - Comprehensive Moral Doctrine (CD) : an account of what matters morally in life that aspires to complete generality
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
religious outlook: when they face moral crisis they appeal to their church or moral temple a philosophical doctrine (Kantianism, Utilitarianism, etc.) all adults have one, even if it is perhaps inchoate or somewhat fragmentary manifested in our moral intuitions and our moral emotions Political Conception of Justice - Given the fact of reasonable pluralism, Rawls suggest that policy questions should be resolved within the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

15. Wednesday, November 10, 2010 - PHL281 - Wednesday,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online