9. Wednesday, November 10, 2010

9. Wednesday, November 10, 2010 - MUS230 - Wednesday,...

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Unformatted text preview: MUS230 - Wednesday, November 10, 2010 essay: dont write “considered to be” Two Different Aspects of California in the 1960s - Pet Sounds by the Beach Boys was voted as the greatest album ever made - surf culture had its own language and music - DIck Dale: Kind of surf guitar • was influenced by Gene Krupa (drummer) and takes people on a ride, plays like a drummer, uses staccato attacks and bases his sound on that • relates the sound of song to actual practice of surfing - The Beach Boys - it was a family affair - group of non surfers who took the surf sound and added complex harmonics - created white teen nirvana, orignally called the Pendletones - but later named the Beach Boys - while all 5 contributed to the success, it was Brian who was the main creative force - “Day by Day” by the Four Freshman was his main inspiration - years later, those same harmonies made the sounds of the Beach Boys - the close harmonies are the primary characteristics of the Beach Boys - Brian wanted to produce - Brian felt it was his task to make the actual complexity of the songs sound simple - “Surfer Girl” was the first of this production and numbing sound, carries on unconsciously - by the end of 1963, Brian wrote, co-wrote, sang and produced the songs - he constantly measured his work against most renowned producer of the day: Phil Spector was the biggest inspiration of his whole life - “Be My Baby” inspired Wilson to write a song for the Ronnettes, but “Don’t Worry Baby” evemtually became a Beach Boys hit - “Surfin USA” • strophic song with a refrain, and a bridge influenced by Chuck Berry • there are California and high-school references (“tell the teacher we’re surfin”) - “Fun, Fun, Fun” (1964) • car culture: fun fun fun till her daddy takes the T-Bird away - Brian Wilson heard Rubber Soul - said every song was well-cut and interesting, and immediately went to make Pet Sounds - Pet Sounds: this is not only high-school and trivial, but it became more mature and complex - “God Only Knows” • used: drums, percussion, string base, electric base, danelectro base, accordions, clarinet, base clarinet, french horn baritone saxophone, viola and cello • Wilson was always interested in complex harmonies like the 4 part male harmony, but he began using contrapuntal textures: where independant musical lines create an interesting texture • modified popular 32 bar AABA - used it differently and put in a bridge and round style vocal tag • character lacks confidence in himself, his girl and his relationship • Brian meant to sing it himself, but thought it meant to sound better in Carl’s voice • they were worried about putting God in the title, and they thought that people may think it was sacrilegious or blasphemous - but it was okay • at one point, Brian Wilson insisted on no longer using recording studios at Capital records.. the recording studio was an instrument and Brian made it an instrument • Pet Sounds was an important influence on the Beatles before they created Sgt. Pepper • musical sophistication: french horn is another dazzling classical gesture The Mamas and the Papas - the harmonies of the Beach Boys were also showed in this group - they were originally folkies, whose identity as a group was fashioned in the atmosphere of California Culture The Drug Culture, the San Francisco Scene and the Counter-Culture - 1960s was the last chance you had to shock people - all kinds of experimentation: drugs, music, sex - anti-establishment culture - music led people into a different kind of reality - everything was free (brotherly love): free food, free medical care - the Diggers: conscious of the hate, operated the garage called the “Free Frame of Reference” and gave away free things - burned money and started a hating-money parade - The Summer of Love - in Haight-Ashbury - Haight-Ashbury • where manifestations of the culture came together • counter-cultural microcosm • sense of community and self-consciousness • there was a poster that announced the rally in Golden Gate park on the day that LSD became illegal • long hair: freak flag - drugs became the most important thing of the 1960s: drugs provided an escape of objective consciousness of the brain and the culture - Turn On, Tune In and Drop Out - Timothy Leary dared to think that drugs could transform the world - Drugs allowed the kingdom to be within them, not in the sky (God) - this was all around the Vietnam War - this youth culture was not a creation of marketers, but it was the counter-culture that was co-existing that emerged from the social/political transformations of the 1960s - the community had something to do with the streets and actual public spaces (be-ins, love-ins) - no longer had the pressure of the market, that made you stay in the range of 3 minute song - on FM stations you could play whole albums, and very long records - Lipsitz The Be-In - two groups preformed: Grateful Dead, the Jefferson Airplane - all of these people were influenced by the beatnics: who were largely influenced by jazz - Be Ins: raised awareness of environmental issues and social advocacy, anti-war - gathering of the tribes - Hair the musical portrays these tribes Summer of Love - prefaced by the human be-in - Tony Asher Byrds - Bob Dylan’s music taken over in popular rock sphere - “8 Miles High” was explicitly about getting high • the song was sabotaged • this is where you get the notion of the counter-culture Gavin Report - report that went out to radio stations - “8 Miles High” was blacklisted and was not allowed to be played - showed the element of conflict between this counter culture and previous society Ken Kesey - author - important in this counter-culture - attended University of Oregon, and recieved a writing fellowship for Stanford - while there, he participated in studies on LSD financed by CIA - he began to have hallucinations about an Indian sweeping the floors - this inspired the character of the Chief in One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Next - him and his friends were known as the Mary Pranksters, bought a tie-dye school bus and went to the World Fair - would drive around in this bus holding happenings where everyone would try LSD, music would be played, poetry - Acid Tests - became a proponent of the Warlocks, which later was the Grateful Dead Grateful Dead - can you pass the acid test? they were regular performers at Ken Kesey’s Acid Tests - the people were there for acid, and not primarily music - this gave them a large canvac creatively in which they could experiment - acid became a big part of life before it was illegal - remembered for identity as a jam band, and improvisatory music - Garcia was a banjo player, and was in a blue-grass band - Lesh was the basis of the band, and was trained as a trumpet player - McCernon came from a non-musical background - his father was a radio jockey of mainly R&B/ soul and he brought soul to the grateful dead - did not take an explicit stance on the Vietnam War, and they didn’t want their music to have political opinions - were mainly linked to beat writers through Ken Kesey and Neil Cassidy (part of the Mary Pranksters) - Garcia says that spontaneity and self-exploration is important - no two concerts would be the same - they would cover folk songs and it would turn into a large and long improvisation - created concert-culture around their music, emphasizing community togetherness in the hippie movement - Dead-Heads talk about the communal feeling of a Grateful Dead concert and would follow them around tape culture emerged where they would record the concerts and trade the tapes with others - Dark Star was used in many of their concerts as a pathway to improvisations - psychedelic style used through techniques called reverb and loose, fluidity - drums: all the instrumentalists leave the stage and the true drummers improvise between each other for a certain amount of time - ex: “Alligator” in Anthem of the Sun is when they started to improvise rather than cover folk songs - improvisations had created a ritual structure to GD concerts Jefferson Airplane - “Somebody to Love” - Grace Slick joined in 1965, and brought with her a song called “White Rabbit” - she wrote the song herself, and performed it with her previous band (The Great Society), but it became a big hit when recorded with Jefferson Airplane - White Rabbit refers directly to Alice In Wonderland: most explicit hallucinogenic drug song - Alice finds many substances: “eat me” and “drink me” and undergoes transformations ...
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