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Tuesday, March 1, 2011 - From Personal Identity to...

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From Personal Identity to Ethics (Applied) .... see rest Embryos Argument: ASCR (1) Humans come into existence at the “moment” of conception ___ (2) Embryos are humans (3) Stem-cell research requires destroying (2-5 day old) embryos (4) Killing humans is wrong, all else being equal ___ (5) Conducting stem-cell research is wrong, all else being equal Example: Adam as an embryo, splits later (twinning) into two embryos, Barney and Claire Either : (i) Adam survives as both (ii) Adam survives as one of Barney and Claire but not as both (iii)Adam doesn’t survive Counter-Argument One Against ASCR (1) Humans come into existence at the “moment” of conception [assumption-this is premise (1) in ASCR) ___ (2) Adam is a human [1] (3) Adam doesn’t survive twinning (4) When a human dies, it is a tragedy that should be mourned ___ (5) Adam’s death is a tragedy that should be mourned [2-4] (6) Adam’s death is not a tragedy that should be mourned! ___ (7) Human beings don’t come into existence at the moment of conception [1-6] Counter Argument Two Against ASCR (1) Humans come into existence at the “moment” of conception [assumption-this is premise (1) in ASCR) ___ (2) Adam is a human [1] (3) Adam doesn’t survive twinning (4) When a human dies, it leaves earthly remains ___ (5) Upon twinning, Adam leaves earthly remains (6) Upon twinning, Adam doesn’t leave earthly remains (Claire and Barney are not earthly remains!) (7) Humans don’t come into existence at the moment of conception [1-6] Argument ASCR Revisited We are blocking premise (1) as a result of the two counter arguments
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Imagine you are a 4-Dimensionalist... Lewis’s Reply: - the counter arguments fail if you adopt Lewis’s Four Dimensionalist View - you could say that Adam has always been Claire and Barney COMPLETE THE SLIDES Abortion Argument: AA (1) Killing any entity with a future like ours is wrong, All else equal (2)
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