Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - Methodological Behaviorism...

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Methodological Behaviorism Psychology should study behavior because 1) behavior provides the only data 2) behaviour is the real target of explanation - we aren’t trying to target psychological states, but behavioral studies Psychological Behaviourism (1) Psychology should study behavior because behavior is the real target of explanation (2) all behavior can be explained by appealing only to environmental conditions - every time a rat presses the lever, you get a shot of cocaine and it will continue pressing the lever (this behavior can be explained by conditioning of the environment) Logical Behaviorism - Psychology should study behavior because behavior is the real target of explanation - mental events are behavioral events - mental terms refer to behavioral events (when you say “John sees red”, you are not taling about an inner mental episode or feeling inside John, you are talking about how john is likely to behave in the circumstances that he is in) Eiliminativism - Psychology should study behavior because behavior is the real target of explanation - there are no minds - mental terms don’t refer at all - we don’t talk about this theory if we are doing science Rationales: Why be a behavioralist? - there is a natural connection between behavior and mind when people say “I see red” they are behaving in a way in which they saw red - problem of others minds if you accept that minds are inner, and hidden, and not right there in the behavior, then you could think that behavior has certain causes, and you don’t think that others have minds how do we know there are other minds? I can see you behave, and therefore I can see your mind - verificationism: a belief is justified just in case you see/ touch something that gives me evidence for it you cannot see/ hear/ touch things to see if you have a mind if it is hidden, but you can if it is your behavior - (relative) success of operant conditioning you can change how people will behave by the system of reward and punishment - history of science if you are not a behavioralist, you have to be a dualist if you look at the history of science, there are many spooky conditions (myths - storm is God): usually there is a mundane, and mechanical explanations history of science ultimately eliminates these crazy explanations behavioralist does this For Behavioralism: Ryle
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The Official Theory (Dualism) 1. The Theory - everyone has a body and a mind - body is in space and subject to mechanical laws, but mind is not in space and not subject to such laws
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Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - Methodological Behaviorism...

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