Final Study Notes - Euthanasia- in the 21st century it has...

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Unformatted text preview: Euthanasia- in the 21st century it has come to mean mercy killings , or physician assisted suicide- in 1900 the average person lived in NA to the age of 47 (high infant mortality rate) and the average person today lives to the age of 80 (unpleasant Fnal years of life) Basic Distinctions: Passive by Omission : - serious car accident, raced into emergency,- do we use all the technological and medical means to keep this person alive? is there any chance that this person will recover? - passive by omission is not using the extraordinary means available in order to keep this person alive or extend the lifespan- very ambiguous Passive by Commission:- hooked up to ventilator but after a week you can see that this person wont recover, do you pull the plug? - mildly ambiguous, but it is clearly taking a persons life - quite legal also, as it tends not to be a moral issue Active by Omission : - omitting ordinary means of keeping a person alive - is this a form of euthanasia? - ex: cutting off the glucose drip, it is the same as giving someone a drink of water (ex: in the desert) - if you omitted giving them a drip, you are performing euthanasia Active by Commission: - ex: lethal dose - something that will terminate their life- illegal in Canada today - very ambiguous Down Syndrome: - routinely, down syndrome children are born with a hole in the heart and this can be Fxed in most hospitals, the parents are given the choice to have a routine operation done to save the child - this is ordinary means , if this child did not have down syndrome , you would automatically do the surgery as there is no ethical dilemma- is this a form of euthanasia to not give the surgery because we do not want to have abnormal children? Suicide 1- suicide is legal , but assisting one in suicide is illegal- the question that emerges is: what about those cases where the individual cannot preform suicide by himself or herself- Sue Rodriguez : if I can not longer to certain things, I want my life to end - the Supreme court voted 5-4 against allowing a doctor to end her life even though she requested it and even though she had a certain disease- Robert Latimer : killed his daughter Tracy who was suffering from cerebral palsy- both trials agreed that he was guilty of second degree murder- appealed, went to the Supreme Court- Tracy seemed to love her siblings , and she smiled- disability rights activists were very against his decision , as it is no one else's right to tell them when their lives are meaningless or too painful - mercy murder , not just mercy killing Two Categories : - deciding for oneself, and deciding for others - How does one decide for oneself? Deciding for Oneself A living will: - if you Fnd me in * this * circumstance , I wish to have my life terminated- difFcult in the case of altzheimers- no one will honour this, as it is currently illegal Daniel McGuire: (1) domino theory: - slippery slope form voluntary euthanasia to involuntary- it could eventually happen that people will...
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Final Study Notes - Euthanasia- in the 21st century it has...

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