Study Notes Test One

Study Notes Test One - Religious Ethics Study Notes: Test...

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Religious Ethics Study Notes: Test One Introduction to Religious Ethics Ethics - the principles or standards of behavior including the science of the good and the nature of the right - all human beings are acting all the time, the need for ethical reFection and the way we ought to behave is built into human consciousness and existence - how do we determine that one way of life is better than another ? Plato states that you make ethical criteria ( notion of the good / virtue / good ethos ) and live by this criteria some lives are better than others, because they express the good better but in modern day everyone has individual/ subjective choice - by pursuing own values there is no need for the study of ethics pursuit of virtue vs. pursuit of freedom (whatever I choose becomes good because I chose it) Religion - entails the myths, the symbols, the legends, the rights, the rituals, the doctrines, the dogmas, the beliefs by which a society and the individuals in it express their ultimate concern - an ultimate concern can be: • imminent - worldly or ultimate good such as money , power, sex, family, nation • transcendent - otherworldly such as eternal life , achieving nirvana - religion is related to ethics because it orders our desires in speci±c ways, and it can order them in transcendent ways • Jesus says seek ±rst the kingdom of heaven : not money or power as the ultimate concern - how does your UC relate to the less - ultimate concerns? you don’t want to make family your God , but you don’t want it to be any less important - if your UC is this worldly - there is nothing to give meaning ex: someone dies when you are young, the money or children as an ultimate concern just will not Fll the needs ex: someone dies of cancer, why them ? -most people achieve their ethical principles on the basics of their religious views • Western religions believe themselves to be rooted in ethics - ethical monotheism - in a secular society, people develop ethical framework on their own to lead their lives Problems - in our personal life, we have to think about what we value , and we can’t think about everyones particular problems but we should discuss social problems in society -life problems where we have to decide : abortion or euthanasia ?
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Peter Burger On Religion - religion is meant to deal with “ anomie ”/ a sense of meaninglessness - the problems with anomie are death , suffering , disease , inequality and call into question whether there is any meaning to life all religions attempt in some ways to give ritual responses to suffering ex: funeral - an attempt to Fnd meaning in something that is meaningless religions don’t eliminate/account for evil , but they enable people to live with it and to live with meaning What is society? - we should begin to understand
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course RLG 224Y1 taught by Professor Professorschmidt during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.

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Study Notes Test One - Religious Ethics Study Notes: Test...

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