3. Monday, September 19, 2011

3. Monday, September 19, 2011 - Quick Review of Self...

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Quick Review of Self Interest: - is there a fact about what ʼ s in our self-interest? - PH, ST and OLT propose fact about what is in our self-interest (hedonism, desire- fulFllment and objective list) - he is trying to say that these are the facts about what is in our self interest, even though they disagree what the facts are - the content of PH and ST is subjective: no one else can tell us what our preferences or desires are (no one else can tell us the content of our self interest, but they can tell us the structure of our self interest is) - the content of OLT is objective: there are certain things that are good for us, whether we prefer/ desire them or not - but OLT can leave room for subjectivity, e.g. it is objectively in your self-interest to read books you prefer - you can have overlap between PH and OLT - you like healthy foods, and they are good for you - a second order meta-desire: a desire about a desire - has more weight than the sum total of smaller desires - ex: being addicted to drugs satisFes lots of little pleasures, but the desire not to be addicted to drugs trumps the many smaller desires - party example: you have to imagine parallel universes where different alternatives can be chosen - you have to take into consideration these alternatives when making a decision even though there is no empirical evidence that what you chose is/ is not better Psychological Egoism: - humans can only act from self-regarding motives - this is descriptive and stating a psychological fact about humans, not normative - this interprets our actions as deriving from certain motives - Types of Proofs: - Desire fulFllment: a psychological egoist can say that our actions are going to come from our own desires - ex: volunteering in a hospital: you chose to do this above many other things, so you clearly desire it, and it is in your best interest to do what you desire - Nature/ self-preservation (hobbes) - Types of Refutation: - not all desires are selFsh - we have desires that are not in your self interest but we do
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course PHL 275H1 taught by Professor Professorbialystok during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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3. Monday, September 19, 2011 - Quick Review of Self...

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