4. Wednesday, September 21, 2011

4. Wednesday, September 21, 2011 - Medlin: Against Ethical...

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Medlin: Against Ethical Egoism 1. Universal and individual egoism - I want to look after my own self, even if its not good for everyone else - Ethical egoism cannot be preached - you cannot tell everyone that they ought to something just because it is good for you - if you are going to preach a doctrine it has to be universal in its precepts (ex: religion - only we are going to be saved, you can do whatever you want. .. no. .. it ʼ s “you can be saved too!”) - if you try to convince someone of ethical egoism on the universal version, you are saying that everyone should look after their own self interest - however, there are times that people ʼ s self interests clash, and when this happens they will look after their self interests and not yours - this is ironic - the individual egoism makes no sense: you don ʼ t want people to have the same self- interests as you - Medlin: you can tell people to be egoists, just not like religion and ethical doctrines - because when you tell people to be an egoist, it will undermine your own interests 2. Hypothetical and categorical egoism - Categorical: this what I have to do in full; I have to look after my self interests over anything else; this is equal to universal egoism - Hypothetical: you only take part in the means if you desire the certain outcome; you
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4. Wednesday, September 21, 2011 - Medlin: Against Ethical...

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