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7. Monday, October 3, 2011 - you need many instances of...

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Virtue Ethics: - does not stop with Aristotle Aquinas: Christian Virtue Ethics - Aquinas (1225-1274) - inherits much of Aristotle’s assumptions - Prudence is the virtue without that you cannot have any other virtue - it is like practical reasoning, but is a cardinal virtue in its own right - it allows you to judge in the case of other virtues, what the right one is - justice, courage, temperance - Theological virtues: Faith, hope, charity - Aquinas is di erent than aristotle because he looks at the divine plan, and the soul has a spiritual part - opposed to Aristotle where humans are a part of nature - Aristotle: Virtues prior to moral judgement: you don’t acquire virtue from one action, you also cannot sit down with a book and learn the virtues
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Unformatted text preview: - you need many instances of practice to establish what the correct action is through correct judgements - Aquinas: virtues are prior to judgements - deductive model: you need the virtues to make good judgements Phillipa Foot: Puzzles in Virtue Ethics- For whose bene±t are the virtues? the lists of virtues all contain di f erent things - courage, temperance, wisdom (good for yourself) - charity, generosity, justice (good for others) - virtue makes you a better person, and that is good for you - in being charitable, or just, you may also be giving yourself courage or temperance, but even if it doesn’t, doing those things is good for your soul...
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