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Unformatted text preview: Mill’s Defense of Utilitarianism Mill’s Response to Objections (Challenges ➔ Responses) Right to be happy Why do people have a right to be happy? Maybe there isn’t enough happiness in the world and why do some have a right to be happy over others? - Mill thinks we are all capable of achieving a certain level of happiness • happiness is not a life of rapture, but moments of such, with minimal pains • life cannot be a constant orgasm • we cannot expect from life more than it is capable of bestowing - some people thwart their own happiness by not being utilitarian • they are greedy and egoistic - there is enough happiness to go around, even if our interests conFict • everyone can have a life that is enviable • however, you still need education and other resources to get to this point Evidence of Sacri¡ce What about the people who sacri¡ce their own happiness, if not their lives, for something else? Doesn’t this prove that there is something in life which is more important than happiness? - why else would people sacri¡ce their own happiness but for the greater happiness of others? - happiness of others = utility - the life of the baby was saved in the burning building: greater good for which the sacri¡ce was done - this bravery and selFessness is not required, but it is nice to do: inspiring proof of what men can do, but not what they should Voluntary Asceticism...
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- Fall '11