11. Wednesday, October 19, 2011

11. Wednesday, October 19, 2011 - Parts of Happiness means...

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Parts of Happiness: - means to happiness originally desired intrumentally X (instumental) -> happiness (intrinsic) - ingredients of happiness become desired intrinsically as well - virtue... like aristotle he thinks that being virtuous makes you happy, it gives you pelasure, but unlike aristotle he does not think that it is a seperate thing that oyu desire intrinsically, but it is nice and often becomes a part of happiness The proof of utilitarianism: - the conclusion deduces properly from the premises - Mills attempt at deductive proof of utilitarianism is quite flawed 1. The sole evidence it is possible to produce that anything is desirable is that people do actually desire it (35) 2. people only desire happiness 3. everything else that is desired, is desired as a part of happiness (see previous slide) 4. Happiness is the sole end of human action, and the promotion of it the test by which to judge all of human conduct ___ 5. the promotion of happiness "must be the criterium of morality" - in premise one, he makes a fallacy form jumping from what people actually desire is what people ought to desire - even if we accept his argument that we do everyhting for the sake of happiness, but there are other things that need to be promoted (what if we are wrong in what we are pursuing, what if tehre are other ends?) he has not distinguised between what we do descriptively and what we ought to do normitively - on strictly logical terms, these premises and this conclusion are not very convincing Hedonism and the Will: - hedonism is self-evident: desiring a thing and finding it pleasant, aversion to it and thinking of it as painful, are phenomena are entirely inseperable
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