14. Monday, October 31, 2011

14. Monday, October 31, 2011 - Moral Problems in...

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Unformatted text preview: Moral Problems in Utilitarianism: Transplant: - Utilitarian • Act • Rule - Ross Lying to promote maximum happiness: - Rawls • Summary Conception • Practice conception - Ross Kant- will not look at consequences of the action but the will for the action taken Consequentialism ↓ Utilitarianism (Bentham, Mill) ↓ ↓ Act Utilitarianism Rule Utilitarianism (Rawls) Non-Consequentialism ↓ ↓ Deontology (Kant) Intuitionism (Ross) Locating Kant ʼ s Moral Philosophy: - Philosophy can be divided into: • Empirical (experiential): physics, anthropology • Pure (reason) - Pure philosophy also has a couple of branches: • Determinate (metaphysics): God, universals, abstract interaction with the world trying to explain things about the world that we cannot see • Formal (logic) - Metaphysics contains: • Nature • MORALS: branch of metaphysics because he believed that there are moral laws which have objective reality but we cannot experience them empirically; they do not vary across culture or time, but because all humans have the capacity to reason (women included), they can all access morality (different than Aristotle) The One Good Thing: A Good Will - for Kant, there is no consequence of an action with independent moral worth, and the...
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14. Monday, October 31, 2011 - Moral Problems in...

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