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Essay Four RealPDFPDFPDF copy

Essay Four RealPDFPDFPDF copy - "Compare Mdhyamaka and...

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The competing sects of Mah ā y ā na Buddhism can be found as an integral part of the development of Buddhist thought, as they both have distinctive roles in the turning of the wheel of dharma. The first time the wheel was turned was when the Buddha taught the Four Noble Truths. The second turning was when the Buddha taught the unreality of the dharmas. This is one basic principle of the M ā dhyamaka system of thought, and it is at this point that the M ā dhyamaka verifies its principles (Wood, January 12). However, those who follow Yog ā c ā ra, or Cittam ā tra, believe that the first two turnings of the wheel were provisional, and because the meaning of these teachings were subject to interpretation ( Ney ā rtha ), they were inferior (Williams, 79). The Yog ā c ā ra school proposed that their teachings were the final and definite turning of the wheel. In this paper, I will argue even though Cittam ā tra developed as a result of M ā dhyamaka Buddhism, they have different viewpoints in regards to the nature of existence and their method of reaching the state of liberation. The M ā dhyamaka system of thought was founded by Nagarjuna in partial response to the Abhidharma outlook on Buddhism. The Abhidharma presents an account of the world that distinguishes the conventional truth from the ultimate truth. Essentially, this ultimate truth is the realization that dharmas that reflect ultimate reality are the fundamental elements of samsaric existence. Conversely, the idea that conglomerated objects exist is the conventional truth and is a trick
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