"Another time I approached Ajita Kesakambalin and, on arrival, exchanged courteous greetings with him.
After an exchange of friendly greetings and courtesies, I sat to one side. As I was sitting there I asked him:
'Venerable Ajita, there are these common craftsmen.
.. They live off the fruits of their crafts, visible in the
here and now.
.. Is it possible, venerable sir, to point out a similar fruit of the contemplative life, visible in the
here and now?'
"When this was said, Ajita Kesakambalin said to me, 'Great king, there is nothing given, nothing offered,
nothing sacrificed. There is no fruit or result of good or bad actions. There is no this world, no next world, no
mother, no father, no spontaneously reborn beings; no priests or contemplatives who, faring rightly and
practicing rightly, proclaim this world and the next after having directly known and realized it for themselves.
A person is a composite of four primary elements. At death, the earth (in the body) returns to and merges
with the (external) earth- substance. The fire returns to and merges with the external fire-substance. The
liquid returns to and merges with the external liquid-substance. The wind returns to and merges with the
external wind-substance. The sense-faculties scatter into space. Four men, with the bier as the fifth, carry
the corpse. Its eulogies are sounded only as far as the charnel ground. The bones turn pigeon-colored. The
offerings end in ashes. Generosity is taught by idiots. The words of those who speak of existence after
death are false, empty chatter. With the break-up of the body, the wise and the foolish alike are annihilated,
destroyed. They do not exist after death.'
This passage is from the
- King of
as he converses with the Buddha
, believing that there is
- focus is on the
of this world;
any kind of
other than one which could be
, and held that this
the idea of
this and other
, one that mimics the
Buddha’s path to enlightenment is ultimately the
- portrait of the Buddhist path of
- Buddhist view in
philosophical teachers during this
(such as the
- two small groups of
- the Buddha said the Materialists view was '
', the extreme
to most other views of
the day, which maintained that what