Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Wednesday, January 19, 2011 - Madhyamaka - the Madhyamaka...

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Madhyamaka - the Madhyamaka School was founded by the Nagarjuna in the 2nd century CE - Nagarjuna asserted that he had no “thesis”, “theory” or “viewpoint” of his own - he wanted to re-establish the Buddha’s middle path - he wanted to deconstruct the roots of the texts - he asserted that “view” (dsrti) of any kind are the causes of suffering (because it assumes that there is something to have a view about) this even includes the view of emptiness itself if you have a view about his non-view, that causes suffering - in his famous work, the Mulamadhyamaka-karika (Fundamental Verses of the MIddle Way), Magarjuna equates dependent origination (causality) with emptiness “Neither from itself nor from another, Nor from both, Nor without a cause, Does anything whatever, anywhere arise” “Whatever is the essence of the Tathagata, That is the essence of the world. The Tathagata has no essence. The world is without essence” - this is a very radical position “There is not the slightest difference between cyclic existence and nirvana. There is not the slightest difference between nirvana and cyclic existence” “Whatever comes into being dependent on another. Is not identical to that thing. Nor is it different from it. Therefore it is neither nonexistent in time nor permanent.” - all views are faulty on some level - his argument is, because phenomena are the result of causes and conditions, they cannot exist in their own right - ie: things are in a constant state of flux and they only exist relative to their causes and conditions - he says that if you try to pull away a dharma, you will get nothing, and emptiness - In the Madhyamaka system, the ultimate truth is emptiness in the sense that things are ultimately empty, while conventional truth indicates an (ultimately untrue) everyday reality, these are known as the “Two
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This note was uploaded on 11/18/2011 for the course RLG 206Y1 taught by Professor Professorb.wood during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Wednesday, January 19, 2011 - Madhyamaka - the Madhyamaka...

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