Wednesday, March 16, 2011

Wednesday, March 16, 2011 - Types of Buddhism in the West...

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Types of Buddhism in the West American-Japanese School (?) - Buddhist Church of America - temples began to function as a centre of community life (unlike what they had in Japan) - eg. sponsor of credit systems, baseball leagues, Boy Scout troops, dances - “. .. a stable, institutionalized form of the Dharma that is througholy integrated in American culture. ..” Euro-America (Convert) Buddhism Four main types: 1. zen 2. tibetan buddhism 3. theravada-inspired insight meditation movement 4. Soka Gakkai International - the ±rst three are mainly composed of Europeans, and there is a focus on sitting meditation - the fourth is an anomolie when looking at convert Buddhism in the West because it uses chant based meditation and has a complex ethical system Zen in America - major in²uences: D.T. Suzuki “beat poets”/ “zen boom” of the 50s/60s - a laicized monastic practice/ monastic inspired lay practice (repackaging of monastic practice for lay adherence) - grew out of the 1960s “counterculture” values of individualism, spontaneity and
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Wednesday, March 16, 2011 - Types of Buddhism in the West...

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