Lecture 2 - PHL243 Lecture 2 Monday September 19th 2011(i...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PHL243 Monday September 19 th , 2011 Lecture 2 (i) “Philosophy, Sex and Feminism” as Preview What counts as “sexual”? Consider two scenarios: Scenario 1: A woman is manipulating another’s vagina Scenario 2: A man is watching other men play football Which of these scenarios involves sexuality? Involves Eros? It seems that the first one is and the second one is not. Add to the scenario: In 1: the woman is a gynaecologist examining a patient In 2: the man is enjoying detailed sexual fantasies about the players that he is watching Which of these scenarios involve sexuality now? The second one is and the first one is not. Continue with the first scenario In 1: the gynaecologist is also the patient’s lover This reinstates the sexual content. And what if the whole scene is on a movie set? Could be just a job and hence drained it of its erotic content. With more knowledge about context, judgements change. This is a foretaste of what we will talk about later in the semester .... Some more themes to be stressed The language of sex: The vocabulary of sex: euphemisms and curse words “intercourse” as PIVMO not an adequate characterization o Some sort of interaction o PIVMO = Penile In Vagina (followed by) Male Orgasm o PIVMO is the paradigm case of have sex o Makes it seem as though the male orgasm is all that matters o An area where there is still a lot of progress to be made Can we keep Method and Doctrine apart? A guiding principle can prove a heuristic o Empiricist = experience is the fundamental source of all knowledge o Empiricist will attend to experience as well as reason A feminist attention will be guided by: o The fact of discrimination and oppression of women and intersex o Fact/value: rejecting essentialism (because you are a woman...) Consciousness raising is a way of philosophy. It is a way of changing your vision of the world we are living in. The feminist starts in relation to essentialism – which is the view that if you really understand what a woman is and you really understand what a man is, what you want to do is understand
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PHL243 Monday September 19 th , 2011 Lecture 2 the essence of woman and the essence of man and there you will see how different they are and how complimentary they are. The cores of anti-essentialism: statistical differences don’t justify influences about individuals. You will find statistical differences in a number of characteristics of various cultures and faiths. Through these differences people tend to derive stereotypes. The essential anti-essentialist is trying to say that absolutely nothing follows from a statistical generalization of a group you belong to, to anything that is true about you. Stereotyping is more of a psychological response that people have, almost automatically. A certain amount of stereotyping is due to the way our brains are built. It is a kind of shorthand to think about things, particularly images. But it doesn’t necessarily to be something that leads people to engrain prejudices.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern