Marbury v - Marburyv.Madisonandjudicialreview.

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Marbury v. Madison  and judicial review.  In an effort to maintain influence at the national level, the Federalist-controlled Congress  passed the Judiciary Act of 1801 at the end of February, just before Jefferson took  office. The legislation reduced the number of justices on the Supreme Court from six to  five, and also created sixteen federal judgeships, which President Adams quickly filled  with Federalists. No Republicans were on the federal bench at the time, and Jefferson  would have virtually no opportunity to appoint any during his term in office. The  appointing of “midnight judges” on Adams's last day in office prompted Jefferson to  challenge the Judiciary Act.  Secretary of State James Madison refused to issue William Marbury his commission to  serve as justice of the peace in the District of Columbia. Marbury then petitioned the  Supreme Court to get his judgeship. Chief Justice John Marshall, a Federalist who had 
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online