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North versus South

North versus South - widespread support for extending full...

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North versus South.  The existence of slavery was just the most visible difference between the North and  South. The two regions' economies had been complementary, but by most measures— the number of railroads, canals, factories, and urban centers and the balance between  agriculture and industry—they were moving in opposite directions. The reform  movements that arose in the decades before the Civil War made few inroads in the  South because any calls for social change were associated with abolitionism. Although  wealthy planters hired tutors for their children, and many of their sons went on to  college, even public education was considered not particularly important in the South.  In the North, the rejection of slavery as an institution did not mean there was 
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Unformatted text preview: widespread support for extending full political rights, let alone social equality, to African Americans. Residents of both the North and South believed in democracy, but at the time, the goal that would attain full democracy for the nation was the expansion of the franchise to all white males. Both northerners and southerners took part in the westward movement of the country, looking for better land and greater opportunities, but they could not escape the divisive issue of slavery. It was over the status of slavery in the new territories of the west that the sectional lines dividing the nation became rigid....
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