Religious Revival - edge of the frontier with circuit...

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Religious Revival The term  antebellum , “before the war,” is often used by historians to refer to the  decades before the Civil War in the United States. “Antebellum” creates an image of a  time when slavery was not only legal but an integral part of life in the South, when the  first spurt of industrialization occurred in the United States, and when Americans  explored and settled the trans-Mississippi West. The antebellum decades were also a  period during which another religious revival swept the country, reformers sought to  address many of the social questions that the politicians would not or could not, and  American culture, defined through its literature and art, came into its own.  Beginning in the 1790s and continuing into the 1840s, evangelical Christianity once  again became an important factor in American life. Revivalism began in earnest at the 
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Unformatted text preview: edge of the frontier with circuit riders , or itinerant preachers, bringing their message to isolated farms and small settlements. Open-air camp meetings, which could last as long as four days and attract more than ten thousand people from the surrounding countryside, were often characterized by emotional outbursts—wild gestures and speaking in tongues—from the participants. The number of women who converted at these meetings was much larger than the number of men, an indication of women's increasing role as defenders of the spiritual values in the home. The Methodist denomination, which was the driving force behind this so-called Second Great Awakening, grew from seventy thousand members in 1800 to more than one million in 1844, making it the largest Protestant group in the country....
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