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Unformatted text preview: edge of the frontier with circuit riders , or itinerant preachers, bringing their message to isolated farms and small settlements. Open-air camp meetings, which could last as long as four days and attract more than ten thousand people from the surrounding countryside, were often characterized by emotional outburstswild gestures and speaking in tonguesfrom the participants. The number of women who converted at these meetings was much larger than the number of men, an indication of women's increasing role as defenders of the spiritual values in the home. The Methodist denomination, which was the driving force behind this so-called Second Great Awakening, grew from seventy thousand members in 1800 to more than one million in 1844, making it the largest Protestant group in the country....
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- Fall '08