The election of 1796

The election of 1796 - Electoral College became vice...

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The election of 1796.  Despite Washington's condemnation of the formation of political parties, the Federalists  and Republicans had developed into full-blown rivals by 1796. Although the Federalists  dominated Congress and the presidency, the Republicans grew in strength, recruiting  support from Irish immigrants and French refugees from Saint Domingue. John Adams,  vice president under Washington, was the Federalist candidate for president; Thomas  Pinckney ran for vice president. Thomas Jefferson was the Republican presidential  candidate with Aaron Burr for vice president. The popular vote for this election was not  recorded—nor would votes be recorded until 1824.  The process of selecting a president under the Constitution did not provide for partisan  elections. When the Electoral College votes were counted, Adams had 71, Jefferson 68,  Pinckney 59, and Burr 30. Because the individual with the second highest total in the 
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Unformatted text preview: Electoral College became vice president, Adams had to serve out his presidency with Jefferson, the opposition leader, as his vice president. This glitch was not remedied until the Twelfth Amendment was ratified in 1804, requiring the electors to vote separately for president and vice president. The problem caused mischief again in the election of 1800. During his term, Adams had to deal with a politically divided nation and opposition from his own political party. There was still considerable support for France, but Jefferson's defeat in the 1796 election prompted French aggression against American ships. More than three hundred merchant ships were seized by the French navy. In this hostile atmosphere, Adams sought to continue Washington's neutrality policy and avoid war with France....
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