The election of 1860

The election of 1860 - eventually selected Stephen Douglas...

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The election of 1860.  To counteract the image of the Republican party as the party of the abolitionists, the  Republicans broadened their program to include a protective tariff, free 160-acre  homesteads from the public domain, and a more moderate stand on slavery. New York's  William Seward, long known for his abolitionist views, was too radical a candidate;  therefore, the Republicans nominated Lincoln.  The Democratic party, faced with the challenge of choosing someone who could appeal  to all their factions, split in two. The Democrats' convention was in Charleston, South  Carolina, the home of the late Calhoun and a hot bed of radical southern sentiment  since the 1820s. A platform plank endorsing popular sovereignty was adopted, which  prompted the delegates from the Deep South to bolt the convention; the remaining  delegates could not agree on a nominee. The Democrats then moved to Baltimore and 
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Unformatted text preview: eventually selected Stephen Douglas for their candidate—the decision that split the party. Southern Democrats, who wanted federal protection of slavery in the territories, opted to run their own candidate, Buchanan's vice president, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky. Meanwhile, a group of southern moderates joined with former northern Whigs to form the Constitutional Union party, and they chose John Bell, a Tennessee slaveowner who had opposed the Lecompton Constitution, for their candidate. With the Democratic party divided, Lincoln's election was effectively guaranteed. Although Douglas did relatively well in the popular vote, Lincoln won every state north of the Mason-Dixon Line, along with California and Oregon. The Deep South, from North Carolina to Texas, went to Breckinridge, while Bell took Virginia, Kentucky, and his home state of Tennessee....
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