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Unformatted text preview: The factory system. New England's textile industry led the way in developing new forms of manufacturing. The factory system as it evolved in the Northeast had three characteristicsthe breakdown of an item's production into phases, the use of machines in all phases of production, and the division of labor. Division of labor meant that a worker performed the task required by one phase of the production, no longer creating the entire product from start to finish. In 1813, the first factory in which spinning and weaving were performed by power machinery all under one roof was established in Waltham, Massachusetts. In Lowell, which was planned and built as a model factory town in 1822, young women made up the majority of the workforce at the mills. The women lived in dormitories or boarding houses provided by the company and worked twelve hours a day, six days a week. boarding houses provided by the company and worked twelve hours a day, six days a week....
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- Fall '08