The war in Mexico

The war in Mexico - September ended the war The Treaty of...

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The war in Mexico.  Polk had achieved his most important expansionist goals by the summer of 1846, but  righting with Mexico continued for another two years. Taylor won important battles at  Palo Alto and Monterrey in northern Mexico, making him a national hero. President Polk  agreed to let Santa Anna, then in exile in Cuba, back into Mexico only if he promised to  help negotiate a settlement. Santa Anna instead took command of the government and  pledged continued resistance against the American invasion. Severely outnumbered,  Santa Anna's forces were defeated by Taylor's troops at the Battle of Buena Vista  (February 1847). The main theater of the war then shifted to the heart of Mexico.  General Winfield Scott landed near Veracruz on March 29 and spent the spring and  summer pressing the campaign toward Mexico City. The fall of the Mexican capital in 
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Unformatted text preview: September ended the war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Nicholas Trist, an official in the State Department, opened negotiations with Mexico in January 1848. The resulting Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was ratified by Mexico in February and by the Senate in March. Under its terms, Mexico relinquished all claims to Texas north of the Rio Grande and ceded New Mexico and California to the United States. The lands of the Mexican Cession also encompassed Nevada, Utah, most of Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. The United States agreed to pay $ 15 million for the new territory and an additional $3 million to assume the debt owed by Mexico to American citizens for past claims....
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