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Contrary to American expectations

Contrary to American expectations - An Iraqi Governing...

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Contrary to American expectations, Iraqis quickly saw coalition forces as occupiers  rather than liberators. As the opposition grew, insurgent attacks became more deadly;  car bombings, kidnappings, and "improvised explosive devices" (IEDs) took a high toll of  civilian and military lives. The slow pace of reconstruction under the Coalition  Provisional Authority, appointed by the United States to administer the country and  incidents such as the mistreatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison, added to the  problems. The Provisional Authority's decisions to disband the Iraqi army and abolish  the Baath Party were likely counterproductive. The fact that no WMDs were found after  the invasion and the recognition by the 9/11 Commission that Saddam Hussein did not  have any connection with the attacks underminded the administration's justification for  the war. Progress was also slow on the political front, but there were notable successes. 
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Unformatted text preview: An Iraqi Governing Council was in place by July 2003, and sovereignty was turned over to the interim government in June 2004. The country's first democratic election for the national assembly was held on January 30, 2005; a majority of the seats went to Shiites because many Sunnis boycotted the election. By the end of the year, voters approved a constitution with a federal system and elected members for parliament. Despite these positive developments, the insurgency intensified. Foreign fighters associated with al Qaeda in Iraq and growing sectarian violence between Shiites and Sunnis brought American casualties to over 3,000, while tens of thousands of Iraqis were killed. Many Americans were convinced that the administration had mismanaged the conflict and there were calls in and out of Congress to withdraw the troops....
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