Naval war in the Pacific. In the days and weeks after Pearl Harbor, the Japanese invaded Malaya and captured Singapore, Guam, and Wake Island. Hong Kong was soon taken, and Japanese troops landed in the Philippines. When American forces on Bataan and Corregidor surrendered in the spring of 1942, General Douglas MacArthur left for Australia. Early in 1942, Japan also occupied the Dutch East Indies and Burma. Although U.S. bombers from the carrier Hornet did attack Tokyo (April 18, 1942), the famed Doolittle raid's primary purpose was to boost Allied moral; it did little damage. The key engagements early in the Pacific war took place at sea. In May 1942, carrier-based planes from the Japanese and American fleets met in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Although the American Navy suffered heavy losses, Japan's attempt to seize Port Moresby in southern New Guinea and cut off Australia failed. Less than a month later (June 3–6,
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japan, General Douglas MacArthur, Island. Hong Kong, famed Doolittle raid, southern New Guinea, new American plane