Politics in war

Politics in war - 1944 was certainly a factor in the bill's...

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Politics in war.  Roosevelt stayed out of the 1942 congressional elections. Although the Democrats  remained in control of Congress, the Republicans made significant gains in both the  House and the Senate. Indeed, a coalition of Republicans and conservative southern  Democrats had enough votes to determine the legislative agenda, and, as a result,  several major New Deal social programs were terminated, and the Works Projects  Administration and the National Youth Alliance were quickly scrapped in 1943. Perhaps  the most important domestic initiative passed during the war years was the “GI Bill of  Rights” (March 1944), officially known as the Servicemen's Readjustment Act. The law  provided returning veterans a wide range of benefits, including preference in hiring,  subsidized loans to buy businesses or homes, and tuition allowances for education. The  fact that men and women in uniform in the United States and war zones could vote in 
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Unformatted text preview: 1944 was certainly a factor in the bill's enactment. With the war still going on, Roosevelt decided to run for a fourth term in 1944, in spite of his poor health. The Democrats replaced liberal vice president Henry Wallace with the more moderate Senator from Missouri, Harry S. Truman, who had gained a degree of national recognition as chair of the watchdog Senate Select Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program. Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York, who had been a contender for the nomination in 1940, was the Republican choice. Roosevelt won easily, although his popular vote margin was the lowest of all his presidential elections 53.5 percent. The American people, including the four million soldiers and sailors who cast ballots, were not about to change leaders during the war....
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