Range wars - Rangewars , .

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Range wars.  As settlers advanced into cattle country, a conflict was inevitable between the farmers who fenced  their land with barbed wire and sought to control water sources and the ranchers whose livelihood  depended on keeping the range open. But the so-called range wars also pitted cattlemen against  sheepherders (sheep were notorious for eating grasses down to the stubble so that the land was  unsuited for cattle grazing) and cattle barons against smaller ranchers. In what was known as the  Johnson County War (1892), the Wyoming Stock Growers Association hired gunmen to get rid of  small operators accused of stealing cattle.  The collapse of the cattle kingdom.  A combination of factors brought an end to the cattle kingdom in the 1880s. The profitability of the  industry encouraged ranchers to increase the size of their herds, which led to both overgrazing (the 
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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