The African - self-improvement rather than on demanding...

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The African-American response.  Blacks responded to increasing discrimination in several ways. The initial wave of the  Great Migration of African-Americans, moving from the rural South to the urban North,  began in the 1890s, and there was a very small emigration back to Africa as well.  Former slaves established all-black towns in Tennessee, Kansas, and the Oklahoma  Territory, and organized early civil rights organizations such as the Citizens Equal Rights  Association (1887) and the Afro-American League (1890). The divisions within the  African-American community on how best to achieve equality were reflected in the  disparate philosophies of two men: Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois.  The founder of the Tuskegee Institute (1882), an agricultural and vocational training  school in Alabama, Washington believed that blacks should concentrate on economic 
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Unformatted text preview: self-improvement rather than on demanding social equality and civil rights. After he outlined his views in a speech in Atlanta in 1895, which included an apparent acceptance of segregation, his accommodationist position became known as the Atlanta Compromise. Massachusetts-born and Harvard-trained Du Bois attacked Washington's philosophy in his The Souls of Black Folks (1903). He believed that education for blacks had to include more than learning a trade, and he demanded access to higher education. Indeed, Du Bois believed it would be this educated African-American elite that would lead the way to equality by using the ballot box in states where they could vote and “agitation,” or protest, where they could not....
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This note was uploaded on 11/19/2011 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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