The Cattle Kingdom

The Cattle Kingdom - country In 1866 Texas ranchers drove...

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The Cattle Kingdom The cattle industry grew tremendously in the two decades after the Civil War, moving  into western Kansas and Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, and the Dakotas in  the 1870s and 1880s with the expansion of the railroads. While motion pictures,  television, and novels have helped make  cowboys  —the men who rounded up,  branded, and drove the cattle to market — the most heroic and best known symbols of  the West, cattle ranching was in fact a big business that attracted foreign investment  and required considerable organization.  The long drive The rise of the cattle kingdom coincided with the spread of the railroads across the 
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Unformatted text preview: country. In 1866, Texas ranchers drove their herds of longhorn cattle north to the railhead at Sedalia, Missouri, for shipment to the slaughter and packinghouses in the East. As the railroads moved west, the terminus of the long drive moved with them. The famed Chisholm Trail went from San Antonio to Abilene, Kansas, while the Western Trail ended in Dodge City. These drives covered approximately 800 miles and took about two months; the Goodknight-Loving Trail , which swung through west Texas and then north into New Mexico and Colorado, was considerably longer....
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