The containment policy and the Truman Doctrine

The containment policy and the Truman Doctrine - same time,...

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The containment policy and the Truman Doctrine.   George Kennan, a State Department official stationed in Moscow, developed a strategy  for dealing with the Soviet Union in the postwar years. In a lengthy telegram to  Washington in February 1946, he outlined what became known as the  containment  policy.  Kennan argued that while the USSR was determined to extend its influence  around the world, its leaders were cautious and did not take risks. Faced with  determined opposition (from the United States, for example), Kennan postulated that the  Soviet Union would back down. The policy was concerned with future Soviet expansion  and accepted, in effect, Russian control over Eastern Europe.  An early test of containment came in Greece and Turkey. In 1946, a civil war broke out  in Greece, pitting Communist groups against the British-supported government. At the 
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Unformatted text preview: same time, the Soviet Union was pressuring Turkey to allow it to build naval bases on its northwestern coast, thereby giving the Soviet Black Sea Fleet easy access to the Mediterranean. When Great Britain announced it no longer had the resources to help the two countries meet the threats to their independence, the United States stepped in. Truman asked Congress for $400 million in military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey in March 1947, citing the United States' obligation to back free peoples resisting control by an armed minority or outside pressures. This policy, known as the Truman Doctrine, appeared to work: the Communists were defeated in the Greek Civil War in October 1949, and the foreign aid helped strengthen the Turkish economy....
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