The defeat of Germany

The defeat of Germany - had a vote At Stalin's insistence...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The defeat of Germany.  The Germans launched a major offensive in the weeks before Christmas 1944 in the  Ardennes Forest in France. This offensive, the Battle of the Bulge (December 16– January 16), proved only a short-lived success, however, and British and American  forces soon pushed into Germany from the west while the Russians advanced from the  east. By the end of April, American and Soviet troops met at the Elbe River, and the  battle for Berlin was in its final days. Adolph Hitler committed suicide in his bunker under  the city on April 30, and the German military unconditionally surrendered to the Allies on  May 8, 1945.  As the war in Europe ended, delegates from 50 countries met in San Francisco to create  the United Nations. The structure of the new international organization, whose charter  was signed in June 1945, included the General Assembly, in which each member state 
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: had a vote. At Stalin's insistence, Roosevelt and Churchill agreed at Yalta to give the Soviet Union three seats — one for the USSR and one each for the republics of Belorussia and the Ukraine. The General Assembly was little more than a forum for discussing world issues, however, and the additional votes had little impact. Responsibility for maintaining peace fell to the Security Council, in which the five permanent members — China, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States — have veto power. In addition, the charter provided for a number of agencies under the U.N. umbrella, such as the International Court of Justice and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)....
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online