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The expansion of education

The expansion of education - , . . reflect

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The expansion of education.  Public-school enrollment doubled between 1870 and 1900, including a significant jump  in the number of high school students during the same period. Both trends contributed  to a sharp drop in illiteracy in the United States. The growth in elementary education  reflected the influx of immigrants. Immigrant parents wanted their children to go to  school as a means of getting ahead, while educators and public officials saw schools as  the best instruments for acculturation. Children of the middle class, however, accounted  for the increase in the secondary-school population. New classes in American history,  the sciences, and the “manual arts” were added to the basic curriculum of reading,  writing, and arithmetic, and the first vocational high schools were established by the turn  of the century.  Higher education also expanded. As a result of both public and private investment, 
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  • Fall '08
  • Marshall
  • High school students, Morrill Act, immigrants. Immigrant parents, secondary­school population. New, vocational high schools

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