A case comes to the Supreme Court Cases are appealed to the Supreme Court through a writ of certiorari, which is a request for review based on the particular issues in the case. The Court may receive as many as 7,000 such appeals during a term. These are screened and summarized by the justices' law clerks, and the summaries are discussed in conferences held twice a week. Under the so-called rule of four, only four of the nine justices have to agree to hear a case before it is placed on the docket. The docket is the Supreme Court's agenda and, in effect, the list of cases accepted for review. Typically, the Court considers only about 100 cases a year; for the remainder, the decision of the lower court stands. A case before the Court Attorneys for both sides file
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