Dual federalismDual federalism looks at the federal system as a sort of "layer cake," with each layer of government performing the tasks that make the most sense for that level. The initial framing and ratification of the Constitution reflected this theory. Even those people supporting a stronger national government proposed that powers in the federal government be distinct and limited, with certain tasks enumerated for the national government in the Constitution and the remaining tasks left to the state governments. Because this theory leaves each government supreme within its own sphere of operations, it is also sometimes called dual sovereignty.One more-extreme outgrowth of this theory is the idea of states' rights, which holds that, because the national government is not allowed to infringe on spheres left to state government, doing so
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