Jim Crow laws - JimCrowlaws .Inagroupof (1883,

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Jim Crow laws Jim Crow laws  were Southern statutes that effectively segregated people by race. In a group of  decisions known as the Civil Rights Cases   (1883), the Supreme Court struck down the Civil Rights  Act of 1875 that had forbidden racial segregation in public accommodations such as hotels and  trains. Under the Jim Crow laws, separate facilities for black and white train and streetcar  passengers, separate schools, and separate entrances and reception areas in public buildings were  built in the South. Separate restrooms and drinking fountains, as well as special visiting hours for  African Americans at museums, became fixtures of Southern life. Because this separation based on  race was backed by law, it was called  de jure segregation.   Separate but equal doctrine In 1896, Homer Plessy challenged segregation by riding in a "white only" railroad car. The case went 
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