State appellate courts

State appellate courts - group the state supreme court...

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State appellate courts If a defendant loses at trial and there are questions over legal procedures or matters of law, the case  may be appealed to an appellate court. The case is argued before a panel of judges rather than a  jury, and the decision is reached by a majority vote. The appellate court can reverse the original  verdict, let the verdict stand, or call for a new trial. Of the millions of cases heard by trial courts  throughout the country, only a very small percentage is brought to the appellate courts.  State supreme courts Whatever the outcome at the appellate court, the case may go to the state supreme court, which is a  state's appeals court of last resort. Almost all of these appeals come from defendants. Acting as a 
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Unformatted text preview: group, the state supreme court justices hand down decisions that become the highest law in the state. The election of state judges Trial, appellate, and state supreme court judges are usually elected. At the municipal and county levels, the term of office is usually four years. Candidates often run unopposed for trial court positions, and the ballot may read, "Shall Candidate x be elected to the Superior Court, Office No. 6?" Voters choose yes or no. The higher courts have 8- or 12-year terms, the length of which is intended to free judges from political influence....
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